Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) in Hindu Scriptures
DR. Z. HAQ
Never Was A People Without A Warner
We have sent thee (Muhammad) in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and as a
warner: And there never was a people without a warner having lived among
them (in the past).
assuredly sent amongst every People an apostle (with the Command) "Serve
Allah and eshew Evil":
Of the people were some whom Allah guided and some on whom Error became
So travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who denied
Messengers (Prophets who received revealed books) We have mentioned unto
thee (Muhammad) before
And Messengers We have not mentioned unto thee;
And Allah spake directly unto Moses.
These verses of the
Holy Qur’an testify that
Allah (the One True God)
has sent prophets to every people. Therefore, it is not surprising to
Muslims to find prophecies about the Last Prophet, Muhammad (s), in
previously revealed scriptures. Moreover, Allah had taken covenant with the
Prophets to believe and help future Prophets of Allah, as indicated by the
verse quoted below.
Covenant With Prophets
Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying:
"I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle confirming what
is with you; do ye believe him and render him help."
said: "Do ye agree and take this My Covenant as binding on you?"
said: "We agree."
said: "Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses."
turn back after this they are perverted transgressors.
Introduction To Hindu Scriptures
Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Brahmanas Granth are the four sacred books
in Hindu religion. The last one is a commentary on the Vedas, but it is
considered as a revealed book. These books are in Sanskrit, the sacred
language of the Hindus. The Vedas are divided into four books: Rig Veda,
Yajur Veda, Sam Veda and Atharva Veda. Of these, the first three books are
considered the more ancient books, and the Rig Veda is the oldest of them.
The Rig Veda was compiled in three long and different periods. Opinions
greatly differ as to the date of compilation or revelation of the four
Daya Nand, founder of the Arya Samaj, holds the opinion that the Vedas were
revealed 1.3 billion years ago, while others (Hindu scholars and
orientalists) hold the opinion that they are not more than four thousand
Analysis of the Vedas reveal differences in the accounts of the places where
these books were revealed and the Rishis (Prophets) to whom these scriptures
Nevertheless, the Vedas are the most authentic scriptures of the Hindus.
Upanishads are considered next to the Vedas in order of superiority and
authenticity. However, some Pandits consider the Upanishads to be superior
to the Vedas primarily from the internal evidence found in the Upanishads.
Next in authenticity to the Upanishads are the Puranas. The Puranas are the
most widely read of all Hindu Scriptures, as these are easily available (the
Vedas are difficult to find). The compiler of the Puranas is Maha Rishi
Vyasa, and he arranged the Puranas in eighteen volumes. These books contain
the history of the creation of the universe, the history of the early Aryan
people, and life stories of the divines and deities of the Hindus. The
Puranas were either revealed simultaneously with the Vedas or some time
before. The sanctity and reverence of the Puranas is admitted and recognized
in all the authentic books of the Hindus.
long time, the Hindu Scriptures were primarily in the hands of Pandits and a
small group of men who had learned Sanskrit (The majority of the Hindu
population knew Hindi and could comprehend only a smattering of Sanskrit
William Jones, who was a Judge and founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal,
learned Sanskrit in the last decade of the Eighteenth century. He was
instrumental in generating interest in Sanskrit and Hindu Scriptures in
Europe, and it was due to his efforts that the Hindu scriptures were
translated into English.
1935, Dr. Pran Nath published an article in the Times of India that showed
that the Rig Veda contains events of the Babylonian and Egyptian kings and
their wars. Further, he showed that one-fifth of the Rig Veda is derived
from the Babylonian Scriptures. From a Muslim perspective, it is likely that
the Hindus were given a revealed book or books that contained description
and struggles of Allah’s Prophets sent previously to other peoples. It is
also possible that commentaries written about them were incorporated later
and became a part of the revealed books.
There are a number of
examples of these in Hindu scriptures. The Atharva Veda is also known as
‘Brahma Veda’ or in its meaning as the Devine Knowledge. An Analysis of the
Vedas reveal that ‘Brahma’ is actually
where the initial letter A in Abraham is moved to the end making it Brahma.
This analysis is accurate when one writes the two words in Arabic script, a
language close to that spoken by Prophet Abraham. Similarly, Abraham’s first
wife Sarah is mentioned in the Vedas as Saraswati, and Prophet
(Noah of The Flood) is mentioned as Manuh or Manu. Some Pundits consider
Atharva Veda as the Book of Abraham. Prophets Ismail (Ishmael) and Ishaq
(Isaac) are named Atharva and Angira, respectively, in the Vedas.
Background To Prophecies
It is well known that
the Hindus love hero worship, and it is reasonable to assume that over a
long period of time the high regard and reverence for some Prophets led to
some of them considered as god or God. Further, it is likely that the Book
of Abraham and those of other Prophets contained prophecies about the Last
Prophet, Muhammad (s). Muslim historians of India hold the opinion that the
graves of Prophets Sheesh
and Ayyub (Job)
are in Ayodhya, in the province of Uttar Pradesh, India. In ancient times,
Ayodhya was known as Khosla according to Shatpath Brahmanas.
Pundits have now begun to reject the Puranas simply because they find in
them many prophecies and vivid signs of the truth of Prophet Muhammad. A
case has been made that the present Puranas are not the same collection that
Vedas refer to and the real books were lost. Nevertheless, this contention
is not correct. It is impossible that all the Puranas which were so widely
read and keenly studied, could have fallen in oblivion and totally wiped
out, whereas the Vedas, which only a few could read and understand, remained
intact until now.
argument against the prophecies is that these were added to the Puranas at a
later date. Nevertheless, this argument is also without a basis. Such a
well-known book, in vast circulation and read at appointed times in prayers,
cannot be easily tampered with. Moreover, all the Pandits and the learned
divines of the Hindus could not have conspired and secretly added these
prophecies to the Puranas. The most strange thing is that the corruption is
made in favor of the Prophet and against their own religion.
major books of the Hindus prophesy about Prophet Mohammad. In addition to
many of his qualities, his life events, Abraham, Ka'bah, Bakkah (Makkah) and
Arabia, the prophecies mention his name as Mahamad, Mamah, and Ahmad. The
name Mahamad appears in the Puranas, Mamah in Kuntap Sukt (in Atharva Veda)
and Ahmad in Sama Veda. Many different classifications as to the degree of
importance of the Vedas have been made. For example, in Shatpath it is
stated that Sama Veda is the essence of all the Vedas. At another place in
Taitttriya Brahmana, it is stated that “This world was created from Brahma,
the Vaishas were created from the mantras of the Rig Veda, the Kashtriyas
were created from Yajur Veda and Brahmans were created from Sama Veda.”
Prophecy In The Puranas
compiler of the Puranas, Mahrishi Vyasa, is highly honored among the Hindus
as a great rishi and learned person. He was a pious and God fearing man. He
also wrote the Gita and the Maha Bharat. Among the eighteen volumes of the
Puranas is one by the title ‘Bhavishya Puran,’ literally meaning future
events. The Hindus regard it as the Word of God. The prophecy containing
Prophet Muhammad by name is found in Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Verse 5.
the English translation is presented, a note on the word Malechha that
appears in the first part of verse 5 is in order. The word Malechha means a
man belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language. This word
is now used to degrade people meaning unclean or even worse. Its usage
varies and depends on who is using it and for whom. Sir William Jones had
great difficulty in recruiting a Pundit to teach him Sanskrit because he was
considered unclean (Malechha). It was only after the direct intervention of
Maharaja (King) Shiv Chandra that Pundit Ram Lochna agreed to teach him
It is not known when
this word began to be used in the derogatory sense, whether before the
advent of Prophet Muhammad (s), after the conversion of
Hindu King Chakrawati Farmas
(of Malabar, located on the southwest coast of India) to Islam during the
lifetime of the Prophet, soon after the arrival of Muslims in India (711 CE)
or sometime later. Mahrishi Vyasa, the compiler of the Puranas, has defined
a wise Malechha as “a man of good actions, sharp intellect, spiritual
eminence, and showing reverence to the deity (God).
Many Sanskrit words
have borrowed from Arabic and Hebrew with a slight change as was shown in
the examples of Brahma, Saraswati and Manu, and as indicated in Table 2
below. It appears that this word is derived from the Hebrew word Ma-Hekha
(), which means thy brethren (e.g., And he (Ishmael) shall dwell in the
presence of all his brethren. Genesis 16:12; i.e., Ismaelites are the
brethren of the Israelites). In the context of Biblical scriptures this word
meant a descendant of Prophet Ismail (Ishmael), and it is well known that
Muhammad (s) is a descendant of Prophet Ismail through his second son
Those who can read Arabic Script can easily see that a mistake in separating
Ma from Hekha will produce a single word ‘Malhekha,’ and when adapted in
another tongue like Sanskrit might sound like Malechha.
and translation of Verse 5 of Bhavishya Puran, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3 are
given below. (The boxed area in the Sanskrit text identifies the word
Mahamad or Mohammad).
malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language)
spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad...
The translation of Verses 5-27 (Sanskrit text of the Puranas, Prati Sarg
Parv III: 3, 3) is presented below from the work of Dr. Vidyarthi.
malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language)
spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad.
Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Mahadev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath
in the 'Panchgavya' and the Ganges water, (i.e. purging him of all sins)
offered him the presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all
reverence said, 'I make obeisance to thee.'
the pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, Ye have collected a great force
to kill the Devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha
opponents (idol worshipers, pagans).' ‘O Ye! the image of the Most Pious God
the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one lying on thy feet.'
Malechhas have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not
to be found in that country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend
whom I had killed [note: e.g., Abraha Al-Ashram, the Abyssinian viceroy of
Yemen, who attacked Mecca]; he has now again appeared being sent by a
powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them
guidance the well-known Mahamad (Mohammad), who has been given by me the
epithet of Brahma is busy in bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O
Raja! You need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be
purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic
disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a Pishacha said to Raja Bhoj,
"O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but
according to the commandments of ‘Ashwar Parmatma (God, Supreme Spirit), I
shall enforce the strong creed of the meat-eaters. My follower will be a man
circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a
revolution, announcing call for prayer and will be eating all lawful things.
He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek
purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare.
Because of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as
Musalmans (Muslims). I shall be the originator of this religion of the
Prophecies In Hindu Scriptures
Vedas contain many prophecies about Prophet Muhammad. Some European and
Hindu translators of the Vedas have removed the name referring to the
Prophet, while others have tried to explain away the mantras (verses) on his
life events, Ka’bah, Makkah, Medinah, Arabia, and other events using the
terminology of the Hindus, such as purification rituals, and lands and
rivers in India. Some mantras containing prophecies are inter-mixed with
explanatory phrases, and it may be that these were commentaries and
explanatory notes on the prophecies, which later became a part of the
prophecies are found in Atharva Veda: (1) XX: 21, Mantras 6, 7, and 9, (2)
XX: 137, Mantras 7 through 9, and (3) X: 2, Mantras 26, 27, 29, 30, and 32.
Similarly, in Rig Veda, additional prophecies are found in: (1) VII: 96,
Mantras 13 through 16, and (2) I: 53, Mantras 6 and 9. Finally, a prophecy
is found in Sama Veda III: 10, Mantra 1. These are a sample of many
prophecies. The serious reader may want to refer to scholarly work of Dr.
A.H. Vidyarthi, entitled “Mohammad in World Scriptures,” 1990. This book
explains the Hindu terminology used in the Mantras and the meaning and usage
of certain words and phrases from within the Vedas and other Hindu
Compulsion In Religion
is no compulsion in religion.
right direction is henceforth distinct from error.
who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm
handhold which will never break.
is Hearer, Knower.
Allah: Allah is the
proper name of the One True God, creator and sustainer of the universe, who
does not have a partner or associate, and He did not beget nor was He
is used by the Arab Christians and Jews for The God (Eloh-im in Hebrew; 'Allaha'
in Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus). The word Allah does not have a
plural or gender.
Peace Be Upon Him. This expression is used for all Prophets of Allah.
Abreviations derived from Arabic words are (s) and (as).
Radiallahu Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him).
Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, "Muhammad in World Scriptures," Adam Publishers, 1990.
(includes chapters on Zoroastrian and Hindu Scriptures)
2. A.H.Vidyarthi and U. Ali, "Muhammad in Parsi, Hindu & Buddhist