The Advent of Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) was Awaited by all the
Expectation and Hope
prophets of ancient times, especially Hazrat Musa and Hazrat `Isa (A.S.),
had given their followers news of the advent of Islam, even to the extent
that indications of the special attributes of the Prophet of Islam appeared
in their revealed books. For this reason, the Jews and the Christians and
the followers of other religions were watching out for the advent of Islam,
like people who see their ship with torn sails and broken anchor in danger
of sinking in the sea and therefore direct their gaze at the shore of future
safety.(See Ibn Hisham's Life of Muhammad, translated by A. Guillaume
the Jews had even found, through much searching, a place between the hills `Ayr
and Uhud which were named in their own books as the centre of Islamic rule',
and migrated there, waiting for the advent of Islam. (Rawdah al-Kafi p.
Qur'an is a testimony to the truths of these facts, that the Torah and the
Evangel (see lessons 17 & 18) had given news of the advent of the prophet of
who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find written
down with them in the Torah and the Evangel, bidding them to good and
forbidding them evil, making lawful for them the good things and making
unlawful for them the corrupt things, and relieving them of their loads and
the fetters that were on them, those who believe in him and succor him and
follow the light that has been sent down with him - they are the prosperous
". (VII, 157)
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are hard
against the unbelievers, merciful to one another. Thou seest them bowing and
prostrating, seeking bounty from Allah and good pleasure. Their mark is on
their faces, the trace of prostration. That is their likeness in the Torah
and their likeness in the Evangel: as a seed that puts forth its shoot, and
strengthens it, and it grows stout and rises straight, upon its stem,
pleasing the sowers, that through them He may enrage the unbelievers. Allah
has promised those of them who believe and do deeds of righteousness
forgiveness and a mighty wage. " (XLVIII;29)
example indicates that the Prophet and his devoted companions started from
nothing, and reached to the summit by self-sacrifice, dedication and faith,
so that they surprised the world.
when `Isa, son of Maryam said: "Children of Isra'il, I am indeed the
Messenger of Allah to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and
giving good tidings of a Messenger who shall come after me, whose name shall
be Ahmad. "And when he brought them clear signs, they said: " This is a
manifest sorcery. " (LXI; 6)
unto whom We have given the Book recognise him as they recognise their sons,
even though there is a party of them who conceal the truth and that
to whom We have given the Book recognise him as they recognise their own
sons. Those who have lost their own souls, they do not believe. " (V1;20)
comes out clearly from these Ayahs that the previous prophets informed the
people of the coming of Muhammad (S.A.W.)and of his characteristics, and the
clear glad tidings existed in their religious books, so that when Muhammad (S.A.W.)
appeared together with Islam, no room remained for any kind of doubt.
Because, if there had been no such news in the Christian and Jewish
scriptures at the time of Muhammad (S.A.W.), it would not have been expected
from the radiant thought of someone like Muhammad (S.A.W.) that he would
stand up and say, so as to prove his messengership before all the people of
the Book: "My name and my characteristics have appeared in the Torah and the
Evangel which are in your possession at this very moment." Because in that
case the enemies of Muhammad (S.A.W.) would not give up, and, in order to
annihilate his message, they would collect together the copies of the Torah
and Evangel so that they could prove that such characteristics were not in
is a witness that they tried every way that there was in their opposition to
Muhammad (S.A.W.), and even rose up to fight him, but they never managed
with this facile and simple ruse to prove that these characteristics did not
exist. So it is clear that abundant information concerning the Prophet of
Islam existed in their sacred books.
More Historical Evidence.
the rise of Islam, two circles or groups of people had grown up in Madinah.
The first were Jews who had left their original lands desiring to witness
the advent of the Prophet of Islam (S.A.).
second were the tribes of Aws and Khazraj, who were the descendants of Tubba`,
the king of Yemen. When Tubba` came to Madinah and learnt that that place
would be the place of migration of the Prophet and the place where Islamic
government would take shape, he said to these two tribes to remain in that
place until such time as the Prophet of Islam appeared and then to support
him.(Bihar al-Anwar, vol 15.)
stayed there and gradually increased in numbers and became powerful to the
point that they seized, the houses and property of the unconcerned Jews, and
committed aggression; and gradually they forgot the cause of their
ancestors' staying in that town and became ignorant of why their ancestors
had come there and made their settlement there.
However, the Jews, who were unequal with them in power, continued to tell
each other of the advent of the Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.)and of safety from
the aggression. The Qur'an says about the Jews:
And from before they had been praying for victory over the unbelievers,
(but) when there came to them that they recognized, they disbelieved in
Hawash (or Ibn'l-Hayyaban), a Jewish scholar, left Syria seeking to meet the
Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.)and came to Madinah, but while he was alive,
Muhammad (S.A.W.) was not yet called to his prophethood. For this reason,
when he was dying, Ibn Hawash said to the Jews: "I left my extensive,
comfortable life in Syria out of love to see the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.),
came here, and bread and date were enough for me. Alas! I did not achieve my
wish. But know that he will rise up in Makkah and will migrate here. In
eating he will be content with morsels of bread and dates; he will be so
humble that he will ride on unsaddled mount. His rule will spread to an
amazing extent, he will be afraid of none, and those who are an obstacle to
the straight path and truth will be cast aside..." (Ibn Hisham (ibid) pp.
ibn `Amr of the Hijaz came in search of the true religion of Ibrahim. On his
way he had crossed from Makkah to Syria and to Mosul, but the more he
searched, the less he found. In the end a Christian scholar said to him that
there remained no trace of the original religion of Ibrahim, but that in
those very days a prophet was to blossom forth in his own homeland from
whose message and sayings he could obtain that original religion.
returned towards Makkah, but on the way he was killed. The Prophet
instructed to goodness through his example, saying: "Zayd was someone who
left this world in seeking the way to Allah."(Bihar al-Anwar, vol 15, p.
Bahira, a Christian scholar, saw Muhammad (S.A.W.) in the latter's
childhood. He recognised him from the signs he had read in the revealed
Book. He said to Abu Talib who was accompanying Muhammad (S.A.): "He will be
a prophet. Look after him, and take him to his country quickly."(Ibn Hisham
(ibid.) pp. 79-81.)
Christian scholar, Nistur, also when he saw Muhammad (S.A.W.) in the
latter's youth, gave the news that he would become a prophet in a clear way:
"He is the prophet of the last days."
basis of these predictions of the holy Books, a number of people became
Muslims at the very beginning of the rise and appearance of Islam without
Predisposition of the People of Madinah towards Islam.
the Prophet received the order from God to invite people to Islam, and at
the time of Hajj (which existed in a form before Islam) he addressed the
people and presented Islam to them. During this time he held a meeting with
some of the tribe of Khazraj.
tribe are you from?" he asked.
you ready to sit together for a few moments and talk?"
calling you to the Unique God."
the Prophet read for them some verses from the sweet words of God, and they
were so enraptured by the Qur'an, that they said to each other: "We swear
that this is what the Jews were telling us of. Let not the Jews reach it
before us." Then they all became Muslims, and when they returned to Madinah
they commenced the propagation of Islam. The Prophet also sent Mus'ab ibn `Umayr
after them to teach them the Qur'an and also to call others to Islam.
brought many people in Madinah to Islam; among them the Usayd, one of the
heads of the Aws tribe, became Muslim and said to his tribe, "Muhammad (S.A.W.)
is the very one whose coming the Jews were always announcing." And his tribe
became Muslims, and in this way Islam spread in Madinah and became strong.
Groups of Muslims from Makkah also moved there, and, in the end, the Prophet
himself went to Madinah and there he set up the Islamic government.
Attraction of Salman to Islam.
was an Iranian from a peasant family; his mother and father were
Zoroastrians, fire-worshippers. Salman, whose name was then Ruzbeh, they
loved very much. They taught him the beliefs of their religion, and entirely
prevented him from mixing with others.
day, Salman went on his father's orders to inspect their fields. On his way
he fell upon a church in which a group of God's servants were engaged in
prayer. Ruzbeh started to think deeply, and he stayed with them till dusk
he understood that their way was superior to his father's and ancestors'
is the centre of this religion?" he asked.
Syria," they answered.
father became anxious because of his late return and sent someone to look
for him. When he returned home, his father asked him where he had been. He
described what had happened, but his father said, "The religion of your
ancestors is much better."
my own thinking," he replied, "I have seen that their way is purer."
father became even more disturbed and rebuked him. He then locked him up in
secretly sent someone to the Christians and informed them that when
merchants came from Syria and had done their work, and when the time came
for their return, they should tell him and he would secretly leave his house
and accompany them to Syria.
thus it was that he went to Syria, and into the presence of one of the great
Christian scholars, and begged him to take him as his servant and to
instruct him on the acquisition of knowledge and servitude to God. The
scholar accepted him.
the scholar died, Ruzbeh went to some of the other great Christians of the
day, in accordance with his master's instructions. From the last of these
scholars, who lived in the `Ammuriyah district of Damascus, he asked
guidance to another, but he replied:
no idea of anyone else, but in the very near future, a prophet will arise in
the lands of the Arabs who will migrate from his birthplace to a place
covered in date-palms. This land is situated between two lava belts. Some of
the signs of his magnanimity and special habits are these: He will accept
what is given to him out of respect, but he will not take food and alms
given out of compassion and aid. Among the signs is the mark and seal of
prophethood on his skin. If you can go there, then you should go!"
the death of that scholar, Ruzbeh asked the caravan leaders who were setting
out for business in Arabia to take him with them to that place. They
accepted, but on their way they betrayed him and sold him in slavery to a
Jew from the Bani Qurayzah, who put him to labour in the vicinity of Madinah.
It happened that Ruzbeh recognized the very place he had reached as one of
the signs told him by the old scholar. So he was happy to start work in the
date-groves of his master, but he was always looking out for the advent of
Muhammad (S.A.W.), and searched for him, but, because he was in difficult
circumstances, he could not make many enquiries.
the day of meeting arrived. The Prophet had gone, together with some of his
companions, to a place near Madinah and Ruzbeh got to hear of this.
to himself that this was the best time to look for the signs from this
person himself, and to compare them with what he had heard from the
Christian scholar. So he took some morsels of food which he had with him and
gave them to that honoured person and said: "This food is for the special
benefit of the needy, and since your companions are needy, please accept it
Prophet gave it to his companions. Ruzbeh looked carefully, but he saw that
the Prophet did not touch the food, and he could not contain himself with
joy, for one of the signs had been found true in him.
excitement he brought another morsel of food which he had with him to the
Prophet, presented it to him and said:
my present to you, please accept it from me." The Prophet gladly accepted it
and ate from it.
was looking at him and was enthralled. He then walked around the Prophet of
Islam to see the mark on the Prophet's shoulder. The Prophet understood what
he wanted and took off the clothes that were on his back so that he see the
mark. Ruzbeh saw it and accepted Islam.
renamed `Salman' and the means to free him were collected. He became close
to the group of the companions around the Prophet, and with his insight and
deep faith he became, in the shortest space of time, one of the greatest of
the Prophet's disciples.(Sirah of Ibn Hisham, vol. 1, p. 212-214; Tabaqat
Ibn sa'd, vol 4, p. 54.)
seekers after truth, who were suffering from the dryness and burning heat of
that time like an unquenchable thirst, were looking for the source of being
and the water of life. Since the signs which they had read or heard of in
the holy books were present in the Prophet, they gave their hearts to the
ocean and washed their souls in that spring of the water of life and wisdom.
Group after group gave their hearts to the pure religion of Islam and became
followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.).
group after group, turned to Islam. But together with these seekers after
truth, there were groups of Jews and Christians and other enemies who did
not embrace Islam, through bigotry or because their businesses or positions
were endangered, although they were aware of the truth of that great, divine
knew where the source of salvation was, but through obstinacy they clung to
their illusions and did not desist from their stubbornness, but became
caught in everlasting perdition and failed to reach contentment.
Safiyyah, the daughter of Huyayy ibn Akhtab said:
the Prophet (S.A.W.) migrated to Madinah and alighted at Quba, my father and
my uncle, Abu Yasir, went to call on him in the half-light of dawn. The
sunset came and they returned, and I went to them with childish joy. But
they were very tired, and, contrary to their custom, they paid no attention
to me. My uncle said to my father:
God, I swear he is!"
you recognise him?"
what do you think of him?"
God, I swear that as long as I live I will be his enemy! " (Sirah Ibn Hisham,
vol 2, p. 518.)
finish this lesson with another example of this black heartedness.
the Prophet said to Ka'b ibn Asad:
not remember the example of Ibn Hawash (the Jewish scholar who went from
Syria to Madinah - see above)? Has it had not effect on you?"
do," replied Ka'b, "and if the censure of the Jews did not torment me when
they say `Ka'b is frightened to be killed,' I would believe in you. But now
I am in the faith of the Jews and I am safe from their censure, and I shall
stay in that religion till I die!"(Ithbat al-Hudat, vol. 1, p. 350.)
Qur'an tells of the injury caused by this black-heartedness which is the
origin of the destruction of life and contentment, and speaks of these
is the thing they have sold themselves for, disbelieving in that which Allah
sent down, grudging that Allah should send down of His bounty on whomsoever
He will of His servants, and they were laden with anger upon anger; and for
unbelievers awaits a humbling chastisement." (11; 90)