The Last Prophet and the Holy Qur'an in Previously Revealed Scriptures
Dr. Z. Haq
unto whom We (Allah) gave the Scripture recognize (this revelation) as they
recognize their sons.But lo! a party of them knowingly conceal the truth.
people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)!
Now hath Our messenger come unto you, expounding unto you much of that which
ye used to hide in the Scripture, and forgiving much.
hath come unto you light from Allah and a plain Scripture,
Whereby Allah guideth him who seeketh His good pleasure unto paths of peace.
bringeth them out of darkness unto light by His decree, and guideth them
unto a straight path.
are many prophecies about Prophet Muhammad (s) in the revealed scriptures of
old (Old and New Testaments, including those of the Zoroastrians and
Hindus). The verses presented below give a small sample of references to
Prophet Muhammad, Qur'anic revelations, Makkah (Bakkah), and Medinah.
Because of the translations from original Hebrew to Greek to Latin to
English, some of the words in the Bible refering to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)
by name were translated.
Jesus (pbuh) spoke Aramaic, a dialect of Hebrew. Therefore, it is
recommended that any one with serious study in mind should make an effort to
locate certain words and their meaning from Hebrew text. The references
listed at the end discuss many more verses on this subject. Reference 3
includes Hebrew text for most verses cited therein.
Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon 5:16. The Hebrew
word used in this verse is Mahamaddim. The ending letters 'im' is a plural
of respect, majesty and grandeur, just as in Elohim (the God). Without 'im'
the name becomes Mahamadd which was translated as "altogether lovely" in the
Authorized Version of the Bible or 'The Praised One', 'the one worthy of
Praise.' In Arabic, Muhammad means the one who is most praised.
of Solomon 5:16
mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and
this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
The phrase "he is altogether lovely" reads in the Hebrew as "he is
will shake all nations, and the Himada of all the nations will come; and I
will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts.
the silver, mine is the gold, says the Lord of hosts, the glory of my last
house shall be greater than that of the first one, says the Lord of hosts;
and in this place I will give Shalom, says the Lord of Hosts. (Quoted from
Hebrew words Mahmad, Mahamod, Himdah, and Hemed appearing in the Old
Testament and the Arabic words Muhammad and Ahmad are all derived from the
same root "H, M and D," and refer to the same general meaning.
Hebrew words convey qualities as well as the person depending on the phrase
used in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word Shalom and the Arabic word Salam
have the same meaning - peace. They are derived from the root alphabets "S,
L and M." Islam is also derived from the same root alphabets and means the
path of peace.
Bhavishya Puran, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Mantra 5
A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language)
spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad...
Sama Veda II: 6, Mantra 8
acquired religious law (Shariah) from his Lord. This religious law is full
of wisdom. I receive light from him just as from the sun."
Muhammad's(sawa) other name was Ahmad (both are from root letters h, m and
d), both words have the meaning the "praised one" except the latter
emphasizes a higher degree to it. The Holy Qur'an states that Prophet 'Isa
(Jesus, pbuh) mentioned the last prophet's name as Ahmad.
of Sasan I, Dasatir
the Persians will do such deeds, a man from among the Arabs will be born
whose followers shall overthrow and dissolve the kingdom and religion of the
...Instead of the temple of fire and the house of idols they will see the
House of Abraham without any idols as their Qibla.
they (Muslims) will be a mercy to the worlds.
their leader (Prophet Muhammad) will be an eloquent man whose words and
message will be clear and far-reaching.
these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the
Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham:
these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to
their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel,
Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,
Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:
These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns,
and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
Bakka, Baca And Paran
Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of
passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the
first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka full of
blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings:
97 In it are signs manifest; (for example) the Station of Abraham; whoever
enters it attains security; pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah
those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith Allah stands not in
need of any of his creatures.
God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called Hagar out of
heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath
heard the voice of the lad where he is.
Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a
God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled
the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.
God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became
he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of
the land of Egypt.
Veda X, 2, Mantra 33
(Abraham) stayed in this abode which is illumined by heavenly light and
covered with Divine blessings. It is the place that gives (spiritual) life
to the people and is unconquerable.
60 Verses 6 to 18:
multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah;
all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they
shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.
the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of
Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on
mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall
minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I
had mercy on thee.
Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day
nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that
their kings may be brought.
the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those
nations shall be utterly wasted.
Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within
thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
Veda X, 2, Mantras 28 and 31
Whether it is built high, its walls are in a straight line or not, but God
is seen in every corner of it. He who knows the House of God, knows it
because God is remembered there.
This abode of the angels has eight circuits and nine gates. It is
unconquerable, there is eternal life in it and it is resplendent with Divine
Ka'bah is not exactly cubical and its sides are not of the same length. The
Holy Sanctuary (Haram) of which Ka'abah is at the center remains open day
and night throughout the year and it is always filled with people praying
and supplicating to Allah (the One True God). Muslims face toward it during
prayer forming circle in the Haram (Holy House) and the circle extends out
in this manner throughout the planet Earth.
holy sanctuary (Haram) has remained unconquerable. Abraha al-Ashram, the
Abbysinian viceroy of Yemen, tried to demolish it in 570 CE with a strong
army and hordes of elephants but was prevented from entering the city (Holy
precinct). The people of Makkah had decided not to defend the Ka'bah, fled
the city and took refuge in nearby hills overlooking Ka'bah.
Allah's Command, the 'Abaabeel' (flying creatures, birds) pelted stones at
Abraha's army and decimated it, leaving them like green crops devoured by
cattle. This incident is described in the Surah (chapter) 105 of the Qur'an.
The year 570 CE is popularly known by the Arabs as 'The year of the
Elephant,' and Prophet Muhammad was born in that year.
29:12 (read verses 11 through 18 for full context)
And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I
pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.
Revelation Piece By Piece
28:10-13 (read verses 10 through 16 for full context)
precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line
upon line; here a little, and there a little:
with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.
whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and
this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon
precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little;
that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Sukt 4, Atharva Veda
Disseminate the truth, O ye who glorifies [Ahmad], disseminate the truth,
just as a bird sings on a ripe fruited tree. Thy lips and tongue move
swiftly like the sharp blade of a pair of shears.
refers to the Prophet Muhammad's condition when he received revelation
through Archangel Jibril (Gabriel).
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I
have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench:
he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth:
and the isles shall wait for his law.
saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he
that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth
breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
6 I the
LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will
keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the
open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them
that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
8 I am
the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither
my praise to graven images.
Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare:
before they spring forth I tell you of them.
unto the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that
go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants
the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that
Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout
from the top of the mountains.
them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of
war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies.
burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye traveling
companies of Dedanim.
inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they
prevented with their bread him that fled.
they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and
from the grievousness of war.
thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an
hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of
Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.
this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of
Israel before his death.
he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he
shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints:
from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at
thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.
Veda V, 27, Mantra 1
wagon-possessor, the truthful and truth-loving, extremely wise, powerful and
generous, Mamah [Mohammad] has favored me with his words. The son of the
All-powerful, possessing all good attributes, the mercy for the worlds has
become famous with ten thousand [companions].
Sukt, Atharva Veda, Mantra 3
the Mamah Rishi a hundred gold coins, ten chaplets, three hundred steeds and
ten thousand cows.
refers to one hundred early companions of the Prophet, eighty of them
migrated to Abyssinia; ten elect companions who were given the good news of
paradise by the Prophet; three hundred thirteen companions of the battle of
Badr; and ten thousand companions who accompanied the Prophet in the
triumphant entry of Makkah and cleansing of Ka'bah of Idols. A cow or an ox
as described in the Vedas represents both as a symbol of war and peace.
companions of the Prophet had both these qualities. They were saintly men,
pious and compassionate like a cow, and they were fierce and strong in
establishing peace and justice.
Prophet From Among Their Brethren
will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and
will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I
shall command him.
it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which
he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
(Ishmael) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. (Genesis 16:12).
(Ishmael) died in the presence of all his brethren. (Genesis 25:18).
numerous examples of '...and I will put my words into his mouth...' is given
below from the Qur'an; the verses begin with the word 'Say':
Muhammad): He Is Allah the One and Only;
Allah, the Eternal Absolute; He Begetteth Not, Nor Is He Begotten: And There
Is None like unto Him. (Qur'an 112:1-4)
evidence for 'he shall speak in my name':
Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an, except the ninth, begins with the words:
Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful."
There Never Was A People Without A Warner Qur'an 35:24
We have sent thee (Muhammad) in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and as a
warner: and there never was a people without a warner having lived among
them (in the past). Qur'an 16:36
assuredly sent amongst every People an apostle (with the Command) "Serve
Allah and eshew Evil": of the people were some whom Allah guided and some on
whom Error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth and
see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).
Covenant With Prophets
Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying: "I give you a Book and
Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle confirming what is with you; do ye
believe him and render him help." Allah said: "Do ye agree and take this My
Covenant as binding on you?" They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear
witness and I am with you among the witnesses." If any turn back after this
they are perverted transgressors.
Distinction Between Prophets
Muhammad): "We believe in Allah and in what has been revealed to us and what
was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and in
(Books) given to Moses, Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord; we make no
distinction between one and another among them and to Allah do we bow our
will (in Islam)." If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission
to Allah) never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be
in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).
To The Worlds
did not send you (O Muhammad) except as a Mercy to the worlds.
Compulsion In Religion
is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct
from error. And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath
grasped a firm handhold which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Allah: Allah is the proper name of the One True God, creator and sustainer
of the universe, who does not have a partner or associate, and He did not
beget nor was He begotten. The word Allah is used by the Arab Christians and
Jews for The God (Eloh-im in Hebrew; 'Allaha' in Aramaic, the mother tongue
of Jesus, pbuh). The word Allah does not have a plural or gender.
Peace Be Upon Him. This expression is used for all Prophets of Allah.
Abreviations derived from Arabic words are (s) and (as).
Faisal Siddiqui, "The Bible's Last Prophet," Al-Saadawi Publications, 1995.
2. H.A. Al-Dahir, "Mohammed: A Prophecy Fulfilled," Gulf Medical Relief
Fund, Inc., 4th Edition, 1994.
3. Kais Al-Kalby, "Prophet Muhammad: The Last Messenger in The
Bible,"American Muslim Cultural Association, Third Edition, 1994.
4. 'Abdul Ahad Dawud, "Muhammad in The Bible, "Presidency of Shariyah Courts
and Religious Affairs, Qatar, Third Edition, 1980. (The author is former
Reverened David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., Former Bishop of Uramiah, a Roman
Catholic Priest of the Uniate-Chaldean Sect; Born in 1867, Embraced Islam in
5. Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, "Muhammad in World Scriptures," Adam Publishers,
1990. (includes chapters on Zoroastrian and Hindu Scriptures)
6. A.H.Vidyarthi and U. Ali, "Muhammad in Parsi, Hindu & Buddhist
7. Maurice Bucaille,"The Bible, The Qur'an and Science (Le Bible, le Coran
et la Science): The Holy Scriptures Examined in the Light of Modern
Knowledge," English version published by North American Trust Publication,
8. J.P. Green (Editor and Translator), "The Interlinear Bible (Hebrew, Greek
and English Text)," Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1981.
Suzanne Haneef, "What Everyone Should Know About Islam and Muslims," Kazi
Muhammad 'Ata ur-Rahim, "Jesus: A Prophet of Islam," MWH London Publishers,
"The Holy Qur'an," Text, Translation and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali,
1934. (Latest Publisher: Amana Publications, Beltsville, MD, USA; Title:
"The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an," 1992).
Unless otherwise indicated, all Biblical verses quoted here are from The
King James Version.