Get the Real Picture of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)
Compiled by Yusuf Estes, Former Christian Preacher
Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul Mutallib Born 570 C.E. (Christian Era); died
The following is based on books, manuscripts, texts and actual eyewitness
accounts, too numerous to mention herein, preserved in original form
throughout the centuries by both Muslims and non-Muslims.
Many people today are discussing Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Who
was he exactly? What did he teach? Why was he loved so much by some and
hated so much by others? Did he live up to his claims? Was he a holy man?
Was he a prophet of God? What is the truth about this man?
You be the judge.
First before listing the A-Z (+2) Facts about Muhammad, peace be upon him,
let us begin with the very simple historical evidences. Here are the facts
as narrated by thousands of people, many of whom knew him personally.
Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul Mutalib (Muhammad, the son of Abdullah, the
son of Abdul Mutalib) - Muhammad means "praised one" or "praising one"
Muhammad was born from the lineage of Abraham's oldest son, Ishmael (Ismail
in Arabic), to the noble tribe of the Quraish who were the leaders of Makkah
in those days,.
He never fell into the common practice of his tribesmen to worship statues,
idols or man-made "gods."
He believed that God was truly One God, and as such, He was to be worshipped
alone, without any other "gods" beside Him.
He held the Name of God in the highest of reverence and never took God's
Name in vain or for any vainglorious purpose.
He despised false worship and all of the complexities and degradation to
which it leads.
He insisted on keeping the Commandments of Almighty God, just as prophets of
old had done in the past.
He never committed adultery, and he forbids others from doing it.
He forbade usury and interest on money lending, as Jesus, peace be upon him,
had done centuries before him.
He never gambled and did not allow it.
He never drank alcohol or strong drink; even though it was a very normal
thing for people of his time and place.
He did not engage in gossip and used to turn away from hearing anything
related to it.
He offered prayers in the manner and direction (toward Jerusalem, until
Allah ordered the change toward Makkah) as was prescribed of prophets in the
Bible, standing, bowing, kneeling and prostrating as they had done before
He fasted for days at a time to be closer to Almighty God and away from the
narrowness of worldly attractions.
He taught that Jesus, peace be upon him, was the Immaculate Conception and
miracle birth of Mary, and that she was the best creation of Almighty God.
He insisted even to the Jews of Madinah, that Jesus, peace be upon him, was
the Messiah, the Christ, the one predicted to come in their Torah (Old
He said Jesus, peace be upon him, did many miracles by the permission of
Almighty God, curing the lepers, restoring sight to the blind and even
bringing a dead man back to life.
He stated clearly that Jesus, peace be upon him, was not dead, rather
Almighty God had raised him up.
He predicted Jesus, peace be upon him, is going to return again in the Last
Days to lead the true believers in a victory over the evil and unrighteous
people, and he will destroy the Anti-Christ.
He commanded the payment of charity to the poor and he was the defender and
protector of widows, orphans and the wayfarers.
He ordered people to unite with their families and honor the ties of kinship
and he restored relationships between family members.
He required his followers to engage only in lawful marriage relationships
with women, and forbid sex outside of Almighty God's Ordinance.
He insisted on giving women their proper rights, dowries, inheritance and
His patience and humble attitude were exemplary and all who knew him had to
admit to these virtues.
A. He never lied, never broke a trust, never bore false witness, he was
famous with all the tribes in Makkah and was known as: "Spirit of Truth"
B. He never once engaged in sex outside of marriage, nor did he ever approve
of it, even though it was very common at the time.
C. His only relationships with women were in legitimate, contractual
marriages with proper witnesses according to law.
D. He forbade any killing until the orders for retaliation came from Allah.
Even then the limits were clearly spelled out and only those engaged in
active combat against the Muslims or Islam were to be fought in combat. And
even then, only according to very strict rules from Allah.
E. Killing any innocent life was forbidden.
F. There was no genocide of Jews. He offered mutual protection and
forgiveness to the Jews even after they broke their covenants with him many
times. They were not attacked until it was clearly proven they were traitors
during time of war and tried to bring down the prophet, peace be upon him,
and the Muslims at any cost. Retaliation was only to those Jews who had
turned traitor and not others.
G. Slaves were common in those days for all nations and tribes. It was Islam
that encouraged freeing of the slaves and the great reward from Allah for
those who did so. Prophet, peace be upon him, gave the example of this by
freeing slaves and encouraging all of his followers to do the same. Examples
include his own servant (who was actually considered like a son to him) Zaid
ibn Al Haritha and Bilal the slave who was bought by Abu Bakr only for the
purpose of freeing him.
H. While there were many attempts of assassination made on Muhammad, peace
be upon him, (most famous was the night that Ali took his place in bed while
he and Abu Bakr escaped to Madinah), he did not allow his companions to
slaughter any of those who had been involved in these attempts. Proof for
this is when they entered Makkah triumphantly and his first words were to
command his followers not to harm such and such tribes and so and so
families. This was one of the most famous of his acts of forgiveness and
I. Military combat was forbidden for the first thirteen years of prophet
hood. The desert Arabs did not need anyone to tell them how to fight or do
combat. They were experts in this area and held feuds amongst tribes that
lasted for decades. It was not until the proper method of warfare was
instituted by Allah in the Quran, with proper rights and limitations
according His Commandments, that any retaliation or combat was sanctioned.
Orders from Allah made it clear who was to be attacked, how and when and to
what extent fighting could take place.
J. Destruction of infrastructures is absolutely forbidden except when it is
ordained by Allah in certain instances and then only according to His
K. Cursing and invoking evil actually came to the prophet, peace be upon
him, from his enemies, while he would be praying for their guidance. Classic
example is that of his journey to At-Taif where the leaders would not even
hear him out nor offer so much as the normal courtesy called for and instead
they set the children of the street against him, throwing rocks and a stones
at him until his body was bleeding so much, blood filled his sandals. He was
offered revenge by the angel Gabriel, if he would give the command, Allah
would cause the surrounding mountains to fall down upon them destroying them
all. Instead of cursing them or asking for their destruction, he prayed for
them to be guided to worship their Lord alone, without any partners.
L. Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, claimed every person who is born is
born in a state of ISLAM (submission to God on His Terms in Peace), as a
Muslim (MU-Islam means; "one who does ISLAM" i.e.; submits to God's Will and
obeys His Commandments). He further stated, God has created each person in
the image that is His according to His plan, and their spirit is His. Then
as they grow older they begin to distort their faith according to the
influence of the prevailing society and their own prejudices.
M. Muhammad, peace be upon him, taught his followers to believe in the God
of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus, peace be
upon them all, and to believe in them as true prophets, messengers and
servants of Almighty Allah. He insisted on ranking all the prophets up at
the highest level without any distinction between them, and ordered his
followers to say the words, "Peace be upon him" after mentioning their
N. He also taught the Torah (Old Testament), Zabur (Psalms) and Enjil
(Gospel or New Testament) were originally from the very same source as the
Quran, from Allah to the angel Gabriel. He asked the Jews to judge according
to their own Book, and they tried to cover up some of it to hide the correct
judgment, knowing he, peace be upon him, could not read.
O. He prophesied, predicted and foretold of events to come and they happened
as he had said. He even predicted something from the past that would come
true in the future, and it has.
The Quran states pharaoh was drowned in the Red Sea while chasing after
Moses and Allah said He would preserve Pharaoh as a sign for the future. Dr.
Maurice Bucaille in his book, "Bible, Quran and Science" makes it clear this
has happened and the very person of Pharaoh has been discovered in Egypt and
is now on display for all to see.
This event took place thousands of years before Muhammad, peace be upon him,
and it came true in the last few decades, many centuries after his death.
There has been more written about the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,
than any other person on earth. He has been praised very high even by famous
non-Muslims for centuries. One of the first examples we quote from is from
as it confirms:
(Regarding Muhammad) ". . . a mass of detail in the early sources shows that
he was an honest and upright man who had gained the respect and loyalty of
others who were likewise honest and upright men." (Vol. 12)
Another impressive tribute to Muhammad, peace be upon him is in the very
well written work of Michael H. Hart, "The 100: A Ranking of the Most
Influential Persons in History." He states that the most influential person
in all history was Muhammad, peace be upon him, with Jesus second. Examine
his actual words:
"My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential
persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he
was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the
religious and secular level."
Michael H. Hart, THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN
HISTORY, New York: Hart Publishing Company, Inc., 1978, page. 33.
While we are reviewing statements from famous non-Muslims about Prophet
Muhammad, peace be upon him, consider this:
"Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas,
restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of twenty
terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is Muhammad. As
regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well
ask, is there any man greater than he?"
Lamartine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277.
And then we read what George Bernard Shaw, a famous writer and non-Muslim
"He must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him
were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in
solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and
happiness."(The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936)
Then we found that K.S. Ramakrishna Rao, an Indian (Hindu) professor of
Philosophy, in his booklet "Muhammad the Prophet of Islam" calls him the
"perfect model for human life." Professor Ramakrishna Rao explains his point
"The personality of Muhammad, it is most difficult to get into the whole
truth of it. Only a glimpse of it I can catch. What a dramatic succession of
picturesque scenes. There is Muhammad the Prophet. There is Muhammad the
Warrior; Muhammad the Businessman; Muhammad the Statesman; Muhammad the
Orator; Muhammad the Reformer; Muhammad the Refuge of Orphans; Muhammad the
Protector of Slaves; Muhammad the Emancipator of Women; Muhammad the Judge;
Muhammad the Saint. All in all these magnificent roles, in all these
departments of human activities, he is alike a hero."
What should we think about our prophet Muhammed, peace be upon him, when
someone with the worldly status such as Mahatma Gandhi, speaking on the
character of Muhammad, peace be upon him, says in 'YOUNG INDIA':
"I wanted to know the best of one who holds today undisputed sway over the
hearts of millions of mankind... I became more than convinced that it was
not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of
life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet,
the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends
and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God
and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before
them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the
Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the
English author Thomas Carlyle in his 'Heroes and Hero Worship', was simply
amazed as to:
"How one man single handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering
Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two
And Diwan Chand Sharma wrote in "The Prophets of the East":
"Muhammad was the soul of kindness, and his influence was felt and never
forgotten by those around him" (D.C. Sharma, The Prophets of the East,
Calcutta, 1935, pp. 12)
Muhammad, peace be upon him, was nothing more or less than a human being,
but he was a man with a noble mission, which was to unite humanity on the
worship of ONE and ONLY ONE GOD and to teach them the way to honest and
upright living based on the commands of God. He always described himself as,
'A Servant and Messenger of God' and so indeed every action of his
proclaimed to be.
Speaking on the aspect of equality before God in Islam, the famous poetess
of India, Sarojini Naidu says:
"It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in
the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered
together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the
peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'... I
have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that
makes man instinctively a brother." (S. Naidu, Ideals of Islam, vide
Speeches & Writings, Madras, 1918, p. 169)
In the words of Professor Hurgronje:
"The league of nations founded by the prophet of Islam put the principle of
international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as
to show candle to other nations." He continues, "the fact is that no nation
of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the
realization of the idea of the League of Nations."
Edward Gibbon and Simon Ockley, on the profession of ISLAM, writes in
"History of the Saracen Empires":
"I BELIEVE IN ONE GOD, AND MAHOMET, AN APOSTLE OF GOD' is the simple and
invariable profession of Islam. The intellectual image of the Deity has
never been degraded by any visible idol; the honor of the Prophet have never
transgressed the measure of human virtues; and his living precepts have
restrained the gratitude of his disciples within the bounds of reason and
religion." (History of the Saracen Empires, London, 1870, p. 54)
Wolfgang Goethe, perhaps the greatest European poet ever, wrote about
Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He said:
"He is a prophet and not a poet and therefore his Koran is to be seen as
Divine Law and not as a book of a human being, made for education or
entertainment." (Noten und Abhandlungen zum Weststlichen Dvan, WA I, 7, 32)
People do not hesitate to raise to divinity and even make 'gods' out of
other individuals whose lives and missions have been lost in legend.
Historically speaking, none of these legends achieved even a fraction of
what Muhammad, peace be upon him, accomplished. And all his striving was for
the sole purpose of uniting mankind for the worship of One God on the codes
of moral excellence. Muhammad, peace be upon him, or his followers never at
any time claimed that he was a son of God or the God-incarnate or a man with
divinity – but he always was and is even today considered as only a
Messenger chosen by God.
Today after a lapse of fourteen centuries, the life and teachings of
Muhammad, peace be upon him, have survived without the slightest loss,
alteration or interpolation. They offer the same undying hope for treating
mankind's many ills, which they did when he was alive. This is not a claim
of Muhammad’s, peace be upon him, followers, but the inescapable conclusion
forced upon by a critical and unbiased history.
Now it is up to you.
You are a rational thinking, concerned human being. As such, you should
already be asking yourself : "Could these extraordinary, revolutionary and
amazing statements, all about this one man, really be true? What if this is
all true? Now ask yourself the question in light of what we have just
discovered about this man;" What do YOU say about Muhammad, peace be upon